What Causes Mouth Ulcers and How to Treat Them?


Lesions that develop in the mouth near the gum area are known as mouth ulcers. They are extremely painful and cause inconvenience to the people who have them. Many people tend to pay no attention to it and let them get better on their own.

However, if the mouth ulcer continues for over two weeks, it is suggested to consult a Willowbrook, IL family dentist as there may be chances of an underlying issue.

Causes behind mouth ulcers

There are a lot of reasons that contribute to the growth of ulcers in the mouth. A few of the most common triggers for mouth ulcers are as follows:

  • Oral trauma

Irritation caused in the mouth is one of the most prominent factors for developing ulcers. Brushing roughly, wearing ill-fitted braces, consuming hard food items, broken teeth, and injuries in the mouth area lead to dental trauma and cause ulcers.

  • Stress and anxiety

Emotional well-being is essential for maintaining the physical health of the body. During stressful periods, hormone production causes the body to be at risk of mouth ulcers.

  • Deficient nutrient intake

For proper body functioning, it is crucial to consume the necessary nutrients. 

Lack of Vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron deficiencies can pose a high risk of mouth ulcers. If you have recurring ulcers, consult a physician to get the required supplements prescribed to overcome your deficiencies.

  • Underlying health issues

Ulcers can be a sign of underlying problems in the body. They can indicate health conditions like coeliac disease, Crohn’s disease, suppression of the immune system or reactive arthritis, etc.

Symptoms of mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers are easily identifiable. They are circularly shaped formations in the mouth. 

They are yellow or white; inflammation can be observed around their red edges. They generally develop around the tongue and the inside of lips and cheeks. In some rare cases, they also appear on the surface of the roof of the mouth.

Tips for dealing with ulcers

If you have mouth ulcers follow these directions to reduce the complications

  1. Use soft bristle brushes to clean your mouth. Make sure to use gentle brush strokes in a circular motion to avoid any harm to the ulcer.
  2. Avoid consuming hard food items like biscuits, and make sure to eat soft food or follow a liquid diet.
  3. Many people tend to develop ulcers due to hot or spicy food intake. If your ulcers get triggered for the same reason, stay away from such foods or limit their consumption.
  4. Try stress-reducing activities to keep your mind calm. Do activities that make you feel good. You can include meditation in your schedule for relaxation.

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